What is Metabolism

The Meaning of Metabolism originates from the Greek word metabolisms which means change or exchange and is a set of transformations and chemical reactions undergone within our body, this set is called cellular metabolism .

These transformations produce the energy to keep our body functioning, and energy¬† can be considered as our body’s ability to burn calories to stay active.

The way metabolism works is directly linked to enzymes , which are protein substances that have the characteristic of accelerating chemical reactions in the body. These are connected to important functions of the human body, such as nutrition , respiration and synthesis.

In the liver, lipid metabolism is responsible for the processes of lipid synthesis in other pathways.

When we talk about metabolism in biochemistry we can classify it into two groups Anabolism and Catabolism

What is Metabolism


Anabolic or Synthesis Reactions are chemical reactions that generate new organic matter, classified as constructive, such as the formation of proteins generated from carbohydrates.


Catabolism are chemical reactions that produce energy from the decomposition of molecules, classified as destructive, such as the process of cellular respiration, where this is obtained from the synthesis of sources such as glucose that are broken down to generate the release of carbon dioxide. carbon responsible for cellular respiration.

Basal metabolism

It is nothing more than the amount of energy that the organism needs to maintain the vital functions of the body at rest, such as breathing, heartbeat, etc., in other words, to keep you alive. With age, this rate may change depending on the person’s lifestyle.

Fast Metabolism vs Slow Metabolism

The main characteristic of those who have fast metabolism is the high calorie burning beyond normal, for these people gaining weight can be a great difficulty.

It may even seem that this type of metabolism is the perfect one, but those who have these characteristics can suffer from the difficulty of gaining muscle mass and be affected in their health, losing weight when they are sick and also with regard to aesthetics due to their difficulty in gaining weight. Weight.

slow metabolism

When an organism has a lower energy expenditure than what is considered normal, it is possible to say that it is an organism with a slow metabolism.

Generally, people with this type of metabolism suffer from difficulty in spending energy and, as a result, can accumulate calories beyond what is necessary, resulting in overweight or obesity.

This is why some people, despite eating the same food and exercising at the same rate, can gain more weight than others.

Age is also an important factor, as over the years the body tends to become slower to carry out the metabolism, but avoiding a sedentary lifestyle contributes to this change having less impact.

Slow metabolism how to speed up

Some research indicates that when you have muscle loss, the body tends to slow down, so one of the options for those who have proven slow metabolism is to gain muscle mass, other tips are:

Increase water consumption: Water helps to increase metabolism, filtering out unwanted sodium and fats, as well as contributing to greater satiety.

Do Aerobic Exercises: this type of exercise will improve blood circulation and help to burn accumulated fat

Avoid Trans fats: these fats, in addition to generating weight gain, are potential for other diseases such as cancer and depression.

Have a meal routine: Eating every 3 hours is one of the important tips to improve the rhythm of your body, as you will be getting your body used to burning calories more often, conditioning you not to accumulate more fat than necessary.

Although age is generally an important factor in the body, when you have a balance it is possible to maintain your metabolism properly, with a healthy lifestyle.

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